Total Perfect Hop Domination in Graphs Under Some Binary Operations

Raicah Cayongcat Rakim, Helen M Rara

Abstract

Let G = (V (G), E(G)) be a simple graph. A set S ⊆ V (G) is a perfect hop dominating set of G if for every v ∈ V (G) \ S, there is exactly one vertex u ∈ S such that dG(u, v) = 2. The smallest cardinality of a perfect hop dominating set of G is called the perfect hop domination number of G, denoted by γph(G). A perfect hop dominating set S ⊆ V (G) is called a total perfect hop dominating set of G if for every v ∈ V (G), there is exactly one vertex u ∈ S such that dG(u, v) = 2. The total perfect hop domination number of G, denoted by γtph(G), is the smallest cardinality of a total perfect hop dominating set of G. Any total perfect hop dominating set of G of cardinality γtph(G) is referred to as a γtph-set of G. In this paper, we characterize the total perfect hop dominating sets in the join, corona and lexicographic product of graphs and determine their corresponding total perfect hop domination number.

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