# Ore Extensions over Weak (Sigma)-rigid Rings and (sigma(*))-rings

## Keywords:

Automorphism, (sigma(*))-ring, weak (sigma)-rigid ring, 2-primal ring## Abstract

Let $R$ be a ring and $\sigma$ an endomorphism of a ring $R$. Recall

that $R$ is said to be a $\sigma(*)$-ring if $a\sigma(a)\in P(R)$

implies $a\in P(R)$ for $a\in R$, where $P(R)$ is the prime radical

of $R$. We also recall that $R$ is said to be a weak $\sigma$-rigid

ring if $a\sigma(a)\in N(R)$ if and only if $a\in N(R)$ for $a\in

R$, where $N(R)$ is the set of nilpotent elements of $R$.

In this paper we give a relation between a $\sigma(*)$-ring and a

weak $\sigma$-rigid ring. We also give a necessary and sufficient

condition for a Noetherian ring to be a weak $\sigma$-rigid ring.

Let $\sigma$ be an endomorphism of a ring $R$ and $\delta$ a

$\sigma$-derivation of $R$ such that $\sigma(\delta(a)) =

\delta(\sigma(a))$ for all $a\in R$. Then $\sigma$ can be extended

to an endomorphism (say $\overline{\sigma}$) of $R[x;\sigma,\delta]$ and $\delta$ can be extended to a $\overline{\sigma}$-derivation

(say $\overline{\delta}$) of $R[x;\sigma,\delta]$. With this we show

that if $R$ is a 2-primal commutative Noetherian ring which is also

an algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ (where $\mathbb{Q}$ is the field of

rational numbers), $\sigma$ is an automorphism of $R$ and $\delta$ a

$\sigma$-derivation of $R$ such that $\sigma(\delta(a)) =

\delta(\sigma(a))$ for all $a\in R$, then $R$ is a weak

$\sigma$-rigid ring implies that $R[x;\sigma,\delta]$ is a weak

$\overline{\sigma}$-rigid ring.

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## How to Cite

*European Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics*,

*3*(4), 695-703. https://ejpam.com/index.php/ejpam/article/view/609